Menstrual Education

Menstrual education has always been considered a taboo subject that many women do not like to talk about.

There is historical resistance to talking about menstrual education.  It is often associated with a semantic charge, directly associated with the practice of sex, unwanted pregnancies, social shame, judgement of bodies… And the reason is strongly rooted in collective thinking.

Menstrual education includes the necessary learning to manage menstruation as a natural condition. Prioritising the care of physical and mental health through knowledge of the cycle and how it affects each person individually. This week, in the FreeU blog we explain the phases of menstruation in order to better understand and treat it:


Phase 1; Menstruation: During this first period, there is bleeding from the uterus corresponding to the evacuation of the egg, because pregnancy has not occurred. This period usually lasts between 2-7 days, and the amount of flow can vary. Some women bleed heavier than average, this is called menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding.


Phase 2; Follicular phase: This period is between menstruation and ovulation. It starts in the brain, specifically at the level of the pituitary gland (the gland that controls the activity of certain body functions, such as development or sexual activity). In this phase, your body prepares for ovulation by releasing a hormone called follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) which causes the ovary to develop several follicles within which an egg is contained.

Throughout this phase, only one of these follicles reaches a major development, called the dominant follicle, and will be responsible for releasing the egg from the cycle. It usually lasts about 10-12 days.

Phase 3; Ovulation: This phase occurs when oestrogen (sex hormone) levels are high enough. This is when a signal is sent to the pituitary gland that causes a dramatic increase in levels of luteinising hormone. This hormone acts on the ovaries to cause the follicles to release their eggs and produce hormones that prepare the uterus to be ready for a fertilised egg to implant.

A woman with a 28-day cycle may ovulate mid-cycle (between day 12 and day 16), and a woman with a 36-day cycle will ovulate between day 20 and day 24.


Phase 4; Luteal or secretory phase: This is the phase from ovulation to the onset of the next menstrual period. During this time our body prepares for a possible pregnancy. Around the middle of the cycle (around day 14) the egg is released into the fallopian tubes.

The egg moves forward waiting to be fertilised by a sperm and give rise to an embryo. If this does not happen within 24-48 hours after ovulation, the egg will age and can no longer be fertilised. This period lasts between 9 and 16 days, on average 14 days. As our body was expecting a pregnancy, which has not happened, estrogen and progesterone levels drop, which triggers the next menstruation.

We want you to be informed about your period and its timing for good menstrual health. Go to and discover the menstrual panties that best fit your period.





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